Alexander the Great | History of Egypt

Alexander The Great: Early Life

Alexander III of Macedon or commonly known as Alexander the Great  Was the king of the great ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon. He was born in Pella in 356 BC. Most of his role live was spent in military campaigns through Asia and Northeast Africa, he managed to form one of the most powerful empires in the ancient ages when he was only thirty, stretching from Greece to northwest India, he is considered as one of the history’s most successful military commanders.

Alexander’s legacy includes the cultural diffusion that his conquests engendered. He established twenty cities that carry his name, the most popular is Alexandria in Egypt. His legendary as a classical hero in Achilles and he always featured importantly in the history of both Greek and non-Greek cultures. He became an icon for the military leaders to compare with his performance.
Nowadays, the military academies all over the world still teach his tactics in wars thus he ranked among the most influential people in history.

Alexander The Great in Egypt

He arrived in Egypt in 332 BC. After defeating the Persian emperor Darius for control of Syria and the Levant, Alexander marched to Egypt. At the time, Egypt was a satrapy in the Persian Empire, held loosely under Persian control since the decline of the Ancient Egyptian Empire at the end of the 7th century BC. Alexander and his army of Greeks were regarded as liberators and to cement the Oracle of Amun at Siwa Oasis pronounced him the new ‘master of the universe and a descendant of the Egyptian god Amun.

Alexander did not stay in Egypt long. By 331 BC he was on his way west to complete his conquest of the Persian Empire, but the impact of his conquest in Egypt was significant.

Alexander respected Egyptian culture and religion, but he installed a Greek government to control his administration of Egypt. Greek influence in Egypt was reinforced by the settlement of Greek veterans throughout Egypt, where they became a privileged aristocracy that gradually assimilated with the Egyptians. Alexander also founded a new Greek capital, Alexandria, located on the Mediterranean at the mouth of the Nile.

Although Alexander would never return to Egypt, dying in Babylon in 323 BC, the Greek rule that he established proved more enduring. In the crisis after Alexander’s death, Ptolemy, one of his generals, claimed Egypt as his kingdom and established hereditary rule. The Ptolemaic Dynasty would last until the Romans conquered Egypt in 32 BC.

Alexandria emerged as a great city in the Mediterranean and a center of Hellenism, spreading Greek learning and culture. It was the site of the legendary Ancient Library of Alexandria and the Pharos Lighthouse, which was built on the site where Qaitbey Citadel stands today.

Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great: Military History

Alexander the great has a legendary record of undefeated wars, first against the Achaemenid Persians under the command of Darius III then, against local chieftains and warlords as far east as Punjab, India, this Alexander was regarded as one of the most successful military commanders in history.

Despite his military victories, he failed to provide an alternative to the Achaemenid empire. After his death, the huge territories he conquered threw them into civil war.

Alexander take over the kingship of Macedonia following the death of his father Philip II, who unified most of the city-states of mainland Greece under the Macedonian called the Hellenic League. After uniting the city-states of Macedonia after his father’s death, Alexander set out east against the Achaemenid Persian Empire under the “king of kings” Darius II, who he defeated and overthrew.
His conquests include Anatolia, Syria, Gaza, Egypt, and Persia and he extended the borders of his empire to Punjab, India.

As a brilliant military commander, Alexander the Great had made before his death for military expansions into the Arabian peninsula, however, Alexander’s diadochi abandoned these plans after his death. then, they started to fight with each other, dividing up the empire between themselves and continuing 40 years of wars.

Famous Quotes

  • I am indebted to my father for living, but to my teacher for living well.
  • There is nothing impossible to him who will try.
  • I am not afraid of an army of lions led by a sheep; I am afraid of an army of sheep led by a lion.
  • Remember upon the conduct of each depends on the fate of all.

See the History of Alexander the Great in Egypt through one of our Egypt Tour Packages!

Table of Contents

Unforgettable 5 Days Cairo & Luxor Tour Package for Travelers

Discover the best of Egypt in our 5 Days Cairo & Luxor Tour Package. Visit iconic sites, enjoy expert guidance,

4 Day Cairo Tour Packages – Explore the Best of Cairo in 4 Days

Embark on a 4 day Cairo tour with EZ Tour Egypt. Discover the wonders of the Great Giza Pyramids, Sphinx,

Luxurious 4 Night Nile Cruise: Discover the Majesty from Luxor to Aswan

Embark on an enchanting 4 night Nile cruise, exploring ancient wonders and scenic landscapes. Book now for an unforgettable journey

Enchanting 3 Night Nile Cruise: Uncover Ancient Egypt’s Treasures in Luxurious Splendor!

Embark on a mesmerizing 3 Night Nile Cruise from Aswan to Luxor, exploring ancient Egypt's wonders with expert guides. Book

FAQ

The entire country of Egypt deserves to be seen with its every divine detail but there are places that must be seen similar as the exciting Hurghada’s red ocean, The prodigies of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the sensations of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the marvels of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The phenomena of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey’s Pillar and Alexandria Library.

 
 

The entire country of Egypt deserves to be explored in its stunning detail, but there are places that must be seen above all else such as the breathtaking Red Sea of ​​Hurghada, the wonders of Cairo, the pyramids Giza, the Great Sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, the Khan El Khalili Market, the wonders of Luxor such as the Valley of the Kings, the temples of Karnak and Hatshepsut, and the wonders of Aswan such as the temple of Abu Simbel, the temple of Phileus, the Obelisk unfinished and wonders of Alexandria such as the Citadel of Qaitbat, the Pillar of Pompey, and the Library of Alexandria. Learn about the best places to visit in Egypt.

If you want to apply for a 30-day visa on arrival, you must be one of the eligible countries, hold a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining, and pay $25 USD in cash, for a 30-day visa you Must Have a passport valid for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the visa fee and then print the visa to present later to the border guard at the airport. You may also be one of the lucky ones to get a free 90-day visa. Learn more about Egypt’s travel visa.
 

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

Egypt is a big country with a rich civilization and always welcomes travelers from all over the globe at any time. Egypt is now one of the best tourist countries to have a great vacation, check Egypt’s last updates regarding the tourism sector and you will find great efforts in the last few years.

Our price cost for a vacation in Egypt starts from 350 USD  which is the lowest price you will find in the market.

 

 

 
 

Our Egypt packages vacation ideas include tours to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Alexandria. We offer 5 days Cairo and Luxor tour package, 6 days Cairo and Nile cruise tour, 6 days Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan package, and many more.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keeping in mind that Egypt is a conservative society, dress moderately as you wich, but of course, light cotton clothes are preferred during the summer, and a cover for your head like a hat or scarf to protect you from the sun, a jacket for the winter nights will come in handy, and something comfortable for your feet like sneakers or a flip flop.

In a restaurant, it is good to give between 5 and 10% tips to the waiter. For a small favor, like carrying luggage or parking a car, a few Egyptian pounds would be appropriate. No less than five. Often times in Egypt you will find someone tending to the bathroom to keep it clean. Giving them a few Egyptian pounds is an appropriate amount. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver is completely optional but should be considered if you’re provided with great service. If you decide to tip feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.

There are many touristic areas in Egypt where special concerns are not necessary; however, in less touristic places, relatively modest dress is recommended. Women should avoid very tight clothing, dressing with relative modesty is a way of respecting the local culture.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish, read more about The Best Traditional Egyptian Food

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas, new years eve, and Easter.

 

There are many reasons to book your trip through EZ TOUR EGYPT. We are unique in the fact that we will customize your holiday to meet your needs. Having vast experience of the various Nile cruises available, single, couples and groups catered for, all tailored to suit your needs in Luxor, Aswan, Cairo, and the Red Sea Riviera. Each member of our team is experienced, qualified and knowledgeable in their field, providing you with accurate information on Egypt’s magnificent history and achievements that have captured the imagination of the world ever since.

EZ TOUR EGYPT is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to receive your booking inquiries via email, telephone, or live online chat. You can also submit a booking request form describing the trip you want to take, its length, and any other details you can provide and you will receive a reply promptly with a proposal from our representatives. -Our phone number, email, and a link to our chat service can be found at the bottom of our homepage.

Or directly Email contact@eztouregypt.com with your inquiry and our representative will respond within 24h.