Alexandria Guide Through The City | Egypt

Alexandria Location

Egypt’s second city is a metropolis of 6 million people located on the Mediterranean coast at the western edge of the Nile Delta. While Cairo is nearly impossible to compete with in terms of historic architecture and monuments, Alexandria may actually be one of the few cities in the world that has a more storied history.

Alexander the Great founded the city in 331 BC, making it nearly 1400 years older than Cairo, and it quickly became one of the wealthiest, largest, and most cultured cities in the world.

Today, Alexandria has relatively little to show for its iconic past. Natural disasters, repeated conquests and sieges, and the fact that the city has been repeatedly rebuilt overtop of itself have removed much of ancient and historic Alexandria from view, but it remains a beautiful and enchanting city with immediate access to the beautiful beaches of the Mediterranean.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

When Alexander the Great took control of Egypt in 331 BC, he decided to build a new capital that would link the Nile Valley to the sea and his native Greece. The city that he built and personally laid out was given his name and became the seat of power in Egypt until the Arab conquest in 642 AD.

The city immediately benefitted from the influence of Greek culture after Alexander’s conquests and its strategic geographic position. Within 100 years of its founding, Alexandria was second only to Rome in terms of population and it had emerged as a center of economic and cultural influence.

Under the Ptolemies, Alexandria became known as the single greatest repository of knowledge in the world, home of the legendary Library of Alexandria. It was also home to one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Pharos, or the Lighthouse of Alexandria, which is said to have towered 138 meters (450 feet) over the city’s busy harbor.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

Neither the historic Library of Alexandria nor the Pharos is standing today. Along with the palaces of Alexandria from the Greco-Roman era and other important buildings, both were destroyed by a series of disasters.

Earthquakes and tsunamis have changed the Alexandrian coastline, causing the lighthouse to collapse and the royal palace to fall into the sea. The great library was destroyed in a fire; however,

Alexandria’s significance was not only to be found in its architecture and wealth. As the capital of Egypt under the Greeks, Alexandria was a diverse city, home to large populations of Greeks and other ethnicities.

Alexandria was home to the largest population of Jews and the Septuagint, the only Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible that has survived to the present day. The city also became important to Egyptian Christians as the political and cultural center of Egypt during the rise of Christianity. The seat of the Coptic Orthodox Papacy is still located in Alexandria to this day.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

Though it has suffered destruction from war and natural disasters several times in its history, most recently much of the city’s core was destroyed in 1882 during a three-day bombardment that marked the British seizure of power in Egypt.

The city recovered though and became a thriving and cosmopolitan port again from the late 19th century through the middle of the 20th century.

This period of Alexandria’s history is immortalized in Lawrence Durrell’s Alexandrian Quartet, in which he describes the city as a decadent and vibrant place with “five races, five languages, a dozen creeds”. This chapter in Alexandria’s history came to a close, however, with the nationalist and socialist revolution of the Free Officers in 1952.

This new government, which banned non-Egyptians from owning property or businesses, and the influence of Arab nationalism, led to the exodus of Alexandria’s large Jewish and international communities and the dismantling of the multicultural society that thrived there for centuries.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

Modern Alexandria Egypt

Today, Alexandria’s population has ballooned and modern construction has built over many of the buildings from its cosmopolitan and ancient pasts. It has its share of noise and traffic jams, like most modern cities in Egypt, but its storied past, both ancient and more contemporary, still peaks through the clutter.

Much of Alexandria’s archeological wealth is buried under the very streets that people use today and construction projects consistently reveal new finds.
Despite the destruction of many of the physical remnants of Alexandria’s history, the city still offers a growing array of impressive sites.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

In the city center along the coastline, one can still see the remnants of Lawrence Durrell’s Alexandria at the Cecil Hotel and the Great Synagogue, now in disuse after the departure of all but a handful of the nearly 100,000 Jews that called Alexandria home less than a century ago.

On a peninsula jutting out from the corniche stands Qaitbey Citadel, a 15th-century construction, built atop the foundations of the collapsed Pharos Lighthouse.

From there the beautiful, modern construction of the Bibliotheca Alexandrina can be seen. It is a huge library, research center, and cultural venue, built on the site of the ancient Library as a memorial to Alexandria’s past.

The further island is several impressive sites from the Greco-Roman era, including the Kom Al Shoqafa tombs, considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. There is a little bit of every era of Alexandria’s unique history to be found hidden within the modern city.

Alexandria Travel Guide | Egypt

Places of Interest

-Greco-Roman Museum
-Pompey’s Pillar
-Roman Amphitheater
-Montaza Palace and Park
-Al Alamein

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The entire country of Egypt deserves to be seen with its every divine detail but there are places that must be seen similar as the exciting Hurghada’s red ocean, The prodigies of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the sensations of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the marvels of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The phenomena of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey’s Pillar and Alexandria Library.


The entire country of Egypt deserves to be explored in its stunning detail, but there are places that must be seen above all else such as the breathtaking Red Sea of ​​Hurghada, the wonders of Cairo, the pyramids Giza, the Great Sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, the Khan El Khalili Market, the wonders of Luxor such as the Valley of the Kings, the temples of Karnak and Hatshepsut, and the wonders of Aswan such as the temple of Abu Simbel, the temple of Phileus, the Obelisk unfinished and wonders of Alexandria such as the Citadel of Qaitbat, the Pillar of Pompey, and the Library of Alexandria. Learn about the best places to visit in Egypt.

If you want to apply for a 30-day visa on arrival, you must be one of the eligible countries, hold a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining, and pay $25 USD in cash, for a 30-day visa you Must Have a passport valid for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the visa fee and then print the visa to present later to the border guard at the airport. You may also be one of the lucky ones to get a free 90-day visa. Learn more about Egypt’s travel visa.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

Egypt is a big country with a rich civilization and always welcomes travelers from all over the globe at any time. Egypt is now one of the best tourist countries to have a great vacation, check Egypt’s last updates regarding the tourism sector and you will find great efforts in the last few years.

Our price cost for a vacation in Egypt starts from 350 USD  which is the lowest price you will find in the market.




Our Egypt packages vacation ideas include tours to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Alexandria. We offer 5 days Cairo and Luxor tour package, 6 days Cairo and Nile cruise tour, 6 days Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan package, and many more.








Keeping in mind that Egypt is a conservative society, dress moderately as you wich, but of course, light cotton clothes are preferred during the summer, and a cover for your head like a hat or scarf to protect you from the sun, a jacket for the winter nights will come in handy, and something comfortable for your feet like sneakers or a flip flop.

In a restaurant, it is good to give between 5 and 10% tips to the waiter. For a small favor, like carrying luggage or parking a car, a few Egyptian pounds would be appropriate. No less than five. Often times in Egypt you will find someone tending to the bathroom to keep it clean. Giving them a few Egyptian pounds is an appropriate amount. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver is completely optional but should be considered if you’re provided with great service. If you decide to tip feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.

There are many touristic areas in Egypt where special concerns are not necessary; however, in less touristic places, relatively modest dress is recommended. Women should avoid very tight clothing, dressing with relative modesty is a way of respecting the local culture.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish, read more about The Best Traditional Egyptian Food

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas, new years eve, and Easter.


There are many reasons to book your trip through EZ TOUR EGYPT. We are unique in the fact that we will customize your holiday to meet your needs. Having vast experience of the various Nile cruises available, single, couples and groups catered for, all tailored to suit your needs in Luxor, Aswan, Cairo, and the Red Sea Riviera. Each member of our team is experienced, qualified and knowledgeable in their field, providing you with accurate information on Egypt’s magnificent history and achievements that have captured the imagination of the world ever since.

EZ TOUR EGYPT is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to receive your booking inquiries via email, telephone, or live online chat. You can also submit a booking request form describing the trip you want to take, its length, and any other details you can provide and you will receive a reply promptly with a proposal from our representatives. -Our phone number, email, and a link to our chat service can be found at the bottom of our homepage.

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