Eye of Horus – History and Meaning in 2022

The Wadjet (or Ujat, meaning “All-One”) is a powerful symbol of protection in ancient Egypt, also known as the “Eye of Horus” and “All-Seeing Eye”. The symbol was often used in jewelry made of gold, silver, lapis lazuli, wood, porcelain, and carnelian, to ensure the wearer’s safety and health and to provide wisdom and prosperity. However, it was also known as the “Eye of Ra”,

A powerful destructive force linked to the fierce heat of the sun.

Who has been described as the “Daughter of Ra”.

The “eye” was personified as the goddess Wadjet and associated with various other gods and goddesses (notably Hathor, Bast, Sekhmet, Tefnut, Nekhbet and Mut).

The Eye of Horus

Horus was an ancient sky god whose eyes are said to be the sun and the moon. However, he was soon strongly associated with the sun (and the sun god Ra as RaHorakhty (“Ra, who is Horus of the two horizons”), while Thoth was associated with the moon. An ancient myth describes a battle between Horus and Set in which the right eye of Horus was ripped out and Set lost his testicles! Thoth magically restored the eye of Horus, whereupon it was named “Wadjet” (“complete” or “healthy”).

In this myth, it is specifically stated that the left eye, The Eye of Horus was plucked out of heaven before being restored once in the lunar month. There are several representations of the restoration of the eye in Greco-Roman temples. Thoth is supported by fourteen gods, including the Ennead gods of Hermopolis or thirty male deities (at Ismant elKharab, the Dakhla oasis). fifteen days before the full moon and the waning moon.

The restored eye became a symbol of the restoration of order from chaos and linked it so close to the idea of ​​Ma’at. In one myth, Horus gave Osiris a gift to help him rule the underworld.

Osiris ate the eye and it came to life, as a result, it became a symbol of life and resurrection. Offerings are sometimes called “the Eye of Horus” because it was thought that the goods offered would become divine when presented to a god.

eye of horus eye of ra - Eye of Horus - History and Meaning in 2022 - EZ TOUR EGYPT

The Eye of Horus

The Eye of Horus was believed to have healing and protective power and was used as a protective amulet. It was also used as a measurement notation, specifically for measuring drug and pigment ingredients.

The symbol was divided into six parts, representing the breaking of the eye of Horus into six parts, each of which was associated with one of the six senses and a specific fraction. Adding the symbols created more complex fractions.

It is interesting to note that when the parts are added, the sum is 63/64 and not 1, this perfection was not possible. However, it is equally likely that they appreciated the simplicity of the system that allowed them to quickly deal with common fractions, after all they already had a symbol for the number “1” and had other number notations available when using smaller fractions.

According to later traditions, the right eye represented the sun and is therefore called the “Eye of Ra”, while the left one represented the moon and was known as the “Eye of Horus” (although it was also associated with Thoth).

In many cases, however, it is not clear whether it is the right or the left eye.

Other myths suggest that it was the right eye of Horus that was gouged out and that the myth refers to a solar eclipse in which the sun is momentarily erased from the sky.

The Eye Of Ra

According to a myth, Ra (who at that time was the true pharaoh of Egypt) was aging and weakening and people no longer respected him or his government. They broke the laws and joked at their expense.

He didn’t react well. to this and decided to punish humanity by sending an aspect of her daughter of her, the Eye of Ra, snatched her from the Urea (royal snake) on her forehead and sent her to earth in the form of a lion.

killing thousands until the fields were flooded with human blood.Seeing the extent of the devastation, Ra relented and called for his daughter to return to his side, fearing that he would kill them all.

However, she was thirsty for blood and ignored his pleas. So he arranged 7,000 mugs of beer and pomegranate juice (which colored the beer blood red) to pour over the surrounding fields. He swallowed the “blood” and got so drunk that he slept for three days and woke up with a terrible hangover.

So mankind was saved from terrible revenge. There are different versions of the myth and different goddesses are given the title of “Eye of Ra”, in particular Hathor, Sekhmet, Tefnut, Bast, Mut, Nekhbet, and Wadjet.

The “Daughter of Ra” was sometimes symbolized as a cat protecting Ra from the serpent Apep (linking him to the Leonine aspects of Hathor, Bast, Sekhmet, Tefnut, Mut, Nekhbet, and Wadjet, among others). It was also thought that the cat could heal and bite the scorpion or snake and was associated with the goddesses Isis (although it is related to the symbol only in its protective function).

Ancient wonders, hidden treasures, boundless seas, and golden sand. She creates memories that will last a lifetime on our travels to Egypt. Once a land of dynasties and decadence; now a land where time has stopped.

Our tours of Egypt will put you in the shadows of history at the foot of the legendary Great Pyramids, in the heart of the tomb-filled Valley of the Kings, or in front of the towering temples of Abu Simbel. That’s not all.

In EZ Tour Egypt our Egypt tours offer what money cannot buy. Like once in a lifetime. Rare experiences. And lifelong friendships with your fellow travelers.

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