The Western Desert and Oasis

A road beginning in Cairo and ending Luxor forms a loop through the four oases east of the Nile Valley. Further to the west and even more isolated is Siwa Oasis and Fayoum is formed around a lake closer to the Nile Valley. All of these areas have long and rich histories that date back to ancient times. In their relative isolation, they have developed independently from the rest of Egypt, reflecting the influence of the desert-dwelling Bedouin culture.

In Siwa, people even speak a different language called Tisiwee, which comes from the nomadic Berber people who live further West in the desert of Libya and Algeria.

The Western Desert and Oasis
The Western Desert and Oasis

Bahariyya, Farafra, Dakhla, and Kharga Oasis, linked by the highway that loops through the desert between Luxor and Cairo, were important trade and agricultural hubs as early as the Old Kingdom. The abundant water here fueled agricultural projects of surprising size. Archeologists believe that Bahariyya supported several hundred thousand people during the Greco-Roman period when the oases thrived due to the protection that the Roman military provided over trade coming from the south.

Today the oases are much smaller, but they still support a unique culture and some of the most active archeological sites in Egypt highlighted by the discovery of a huge Middle Kingdom burial ground known as the Valley of the Golden Mummies near Bahariyya in 1999. Today, given its proximity to Cairo, Bahariya is the most popular with visitors, who use it as a starting point for desert camping expeditions to the surreal White Desert and the Great Sand Sea.

The other oases are less commonly visited, but they offer an adventure to the traveler seeking to get as far off of the beaten path as possible and each of them offers several interesting archeological remains from the pharaonic or Greco-Roman periods.

The Western Desert and Oasis

Fayoum is located closer to Cairo and it is more closely associated with the Nile Valley, but it also has a unique history. An ancient city here was the center of political power during the Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt and Lake Qarun, forming Fayoum’s fresh-water heart still supports huge numbers of migratory birds that Egypt’s kings have enjoyed hunting through her history.

Siwa’s history is even more unique. Far removed from the rest of Egypt, it was the last place on earth where the gods of Ancient Egypt were worshipped. Islam did not even spread here until around the 13th century, nearly 700 years after the Arab first arrived in Egypt. It was also the site of the Temple of the Oracle that kings from all over the Mediterranean, including Alexander the Great, journeyed through the desert to consult beginning in the 6th century BC.

Outside influence in Siwa has increased since a road was built linking it to the coast in the 1980’s, but it remains a singularly unique place, famous for its warm springs and huge groves of olives and date palms.

Today it is a growing attraction to visitors seeking the ultimate relaxing and remote getaway and several luxurious hotel and eco-lodges have been built there. The journey to Siwa is long but will be well worth the effort given to enjoy the unique charm of the oases with the remains of an ancient fortress town, salt lakes and fresh water springs, palm groves, and the surrounding desert.

Table of Contents


The entire country of Egypt deserves to be seen with its every divine detail but there are places that must be seen similar as the exciting Hurghada’s red ocean, The prodigies of Cairo the pyramids of Giza, the great sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, Khan El Khalili, the sensations of Luxor like Valley of the Kings, Karnak and Hatshepsut temple and the marvels of Aswan like Abu Simbel temples, Philea temple, Unfinished obelisk and The phenomena of Alexandria like Qaitbat Citadel, Pompey’s Pillar and Alexandria Library.


The entire country of Egypt deserves to be explored in its stunning detail, but there are places that must be seen above all else such as the breathtaking Red Sea of ​​Hurghada, the wonders of Cairo, the pyramids Giza, the Great Sphinx, the Egyptian Museum, the Khan El Khalili Market, the wonders of Luxor such as the Valley of the Kings, the temples of Karnak and Hatshepsut, and the wonders of Aswan such as the temple of Abu Simbel, the temple of Phileus, the Obelisk unfinished and wonders of Alexandria such as the Citadel of Qaitbat, the Pillar of Pompey, and the Library of Alexandria. Learn about the best places to visit in Egypt.

If you want to apply for a 30-day visa on arrival, you must be one of the eligible countries, hold a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining, and pay $25 USD in cash, for a 30-day visa you Must Have a passport valid for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the visa fee and then print the visa to present later to the border guard at the airport. You may also be one of the lucky ones to get a free 90-day visa. Learn more about Egypt’s travel visa.

The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made.

Egypt is a big country with a rich civilization and always welcomes travelers from all over the globe at any time. Egypt is now one of the best tourist countries to have a great vacation, check Egypt’s last updates regarding the tourism sector and you will find great efforts in the last few years.

Our price cost for a vacation in Egypt starts from 350 USD  which is the lowest price you will find in the market.




Our Egypt packages vacation ideas include tours to Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, and Alexandria. We offer 5 days Cairo and Luxor tour package, 6 days Cairo and Nile cruise tour, 6 days Cairo, Luxor, and Aswan package, and many more.








Keeping in mind that Egypt is a conservative society, dress moderately as you wich, but of course, light cotton clothes are preferred during the summer, and a cover for your head like a hat or scarf to protect you from the sun, a jacket for the winter nights will come in handy, and something comfortable for your feet like sneakers or a flip flop.

In a restaurant, it is good to give between 5 and 10% tips to the waiter. For a small favor, like carrying luggage or parking a car, a few Egyptian pounds would be appropriate. No less than five. Often times in Egypt you will find someone tending to the bathroom to keep it clean. Giving them a few Egyptian pounds is an appropriate amount. Tipping your tour guide and vehicle driver is completely optional but should be considered if you’re provided with great service. If you decide to tip feel free to give what you think your experience was worth.

There are many touristic areas in Egypt where special concerns are not necessary; however, in less touristic places, relatively modest dress is recommended. Women should avoid very tight clothing, dressing with relative modesty is a way of respecting the local culture.

Egypt has a variety of delicious cuisines but we recommend “Ful & Ta’meya (Fava Beans and Falafel)”, Mulukhiya, “Koshary”, a traditional Egyptian pasta dish, and Kebab & Kofta, the Egyptian traditional meat dish, read more about The Best Traditional Egyptian Food

There are a lot of public holidays in Egypt too many to count either religious or nation, the most important festivals are the holy month of Ramadan which ends with Eid Al Fitr, Christmas, new years eve, and Easter.


There are many reasons to book your trip through EZ TOUR EGYPT. We are unique in the fact that we will customize your holiday to meet your needs. Having vast experience of the various Nile cruises available, single, couples and groups catered for, all tailored to suit your needs in Luxor, Aswan, Cairo, and the Red Sea Riviera. Each member of our team is experienced, qualified and knowledgeable in their field, providing you with accurate information on Egypt’s magnificent history and achievements that have captured the imagination of the world ever since.

EZ TOUR EGYPT is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to receive your booking inquiries via email, telephone, or live online chat. You can also submit a booking request form describing the trip you want to take, its length, and any other details you can provide and you will receive a reply promptly with a proposal from our representatives. -Our phone number, email, and a link to our chat service can be found at the bottom of our homepage.

Or directly Email with your inquiry and our representative will respond within 24h.